Glossary Of Terms

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Pantone reference - International guide system of designating colours for printing reference.
Pearlescent Finish - A finish that creates a shimmering effect by dispersing iridescent material into UV or water based varnishes. Often used in luxury, high end products.
PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification) - The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification is an international governing body that promotes sustainable forest management. It is the largest forest certification system in the world.
Perforation - Running a series of cuts (often very small and close together) into board to allow the two sides to be separated.
PILs - Patient information leaflets (PILs) are leaflets containing specific information about medical conditions, doses, side effects that packed with medicines to give the user information about the product. PIL is the European version of the Package insert. The PIL is written by the manufacturing pharmaceutical company and is a patient friendly version of the Summary of Product Characteristics. All licenced medicines need to carry such a leaflet. There are guidelines that must be followed for producing this document, drawn up by the European Medicines Agency of the EU.
PMS - Pantone Matching System. See Pantone Reference definition.
Polyethylene (PET) - used for high speed applications and to provide a ‘no label’effect on Filmic labels
Printing plate - An anodised aluminium plate which has a light sensitive coating applied once exposed (to the image) and developed the image area is sensitised to receive ink. The plate is positive reading and the image is transferred (offset) onto the printing blanket from which it is finally transferred to the material to be printed. It is important to realise that each colour in a printing job requires a separate plate.
Process colours - The colours which make up full colour printing. Cyan, magenta, yellow and black.
Proof - A printed sample of work to be checked for errors in text, positioning or quality of colour reproduction.